« Interfacial Effects and Superconductivity in Oxide Heterostructures» Prof. Jean-Marc Triscone

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Day / Time
Date(s) - 15/05/2017
12 h 30 min - 14 h 00 min


Oxide materials display within the same family of compounds a variety of exciting electronic
properties ranging from ferroelectricity to ferromagnetism and superconductivity. These systems
are often characterized by strong electronic correlations, complex phase diagrams and competing
ground states. This competition makes these materials very sensitive to external parameters such as
pressure or magnetic field. An interface, which naturally breaks inversion symmetry, is a major
perturbation and one may thus expect that electronic systems with unusual properties can be generated
at oxide interfaces [1,2]. A striking example is the interface between LaAlO3 and SrTiO3, two
good band insulators, which was found to be conducting [3], and, in some doping range, superconducting
with a maximum critical temperature of about 300 mK [4].
In this presentation, I will motivate the search for novel properties at oxide interfaces before to focus
on the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface. In this system, the thickness of the conducting layer is found
to be a few nanometers at low temperatures. This electron liquid with low electronic density, typically
5 1013 electrons/cm2, and naturally sandwiched between two insulators is ideal for performing
electric field effect experiments allowing the carrier density to be tuned and superconductivity to
be switched on and off. I will discuss the origin of the electron liquid [5]; superconductivity [4,6];
field effect experiments and the phase diagram of the system [6]; and the comparison between superconductivity
at the interface and in bulk doped SrTiO3 to give perspectives on the future of this
research field [7].
[1] J. Mannhart and D. Schlom, Science 327, 1607 (2010).
[2] P. Zubko, S. Gariglio, M. Gabay, P. Ghosez, and J.-M. Triscone, Annual Review : Condensed Matter Physics 2,
141 (2011).
[3] A. Ohtomo, H. Y. Hwang, Nature 427, 423 (2004).
[4] N. Reyren, S. Thiel, A. D. Caviglia, L. Fitting Kourkoutis, G. Hammerl, C. Richter, C. W. Schneider, T. Kopp, A.-
S. Ruetschi, D. Jaccard, M. Gabay, D. A. Muller, J.-M. Triscone and J. Mannhart, Science 317, 1196 (2007).
[5] M.L. Reinle-Schmitt, C. Cancellieri, D. Li, D. Fontaine, S. Gariglio, M. Medarde, E. Pomjakushina, C.W.
Schneider, Ph. Ghosez, J.-M. Triscone, and P.R. Willmott, Nature Communications, 3, 932 (2012).
[6] A. Caviglia, S. Gariglio, N. Reyren, D. Jaccard, T. Schneider, M. Gabay, S. Thiel, G. Hammerl, J. Mannhart, and
J.-M. Triscone, Nature 456, 624 (2008).
[7] S. Gariglio, M. Gabay, and J.-M. Triscone, Research Update, APL Materials 4, 060701 (2016)..

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